Somerset County School District

The Board of Education has voted to make changes in the 2017-2018 Academic Calendar.  Scroll down to News and Announcements to read the results.
ELL » Stages of Language Acquisition

Stages of Language Acquisition

 
Official Name Other Names Student Behaviors Able to Do
Stage I Preproductive
  • Newcomer
  • Emergent Speaker
  • Silent Period Stage
  • Depends heavily on context
  • Has minimal receptive vocabulary
  • Comprehends key words only
  • Indicates comprehension physically (point, draws, gestures)
  • May not produce speech
  • Observe
  • Listen
  • Locate
  • Label
  • Match
  • Show
  • Classify
  • Categorize
Stage II Early Productive
  • Emergent/Beginner
  • One Two World
  • Social Language Stage
  • Depends heavily on context
  • Produces words in isolation
  • Verbalizes key words
  • Responds with one/two word answers or short phrases
  • Indicates comprehension physically
  • Mispronunciation/grammar errors
  • Name
  • Recall
  • Draw
  • List
  • Record
  • Point Out
  • Underline
  • Organize
Stage III Low Intermediate
  • Bridging
  • Academic Language Stage
  • Depends heavily on context
  • Produces whole sentences
  • Makes some pronunciation and basic grammar errors, but is understood
  • Demonstrates comprehension by responding orally and in written form (charts, graphs, diagrams)
  • Hears smaller elements of speech
  • Functions on a social level
  • Uses limited vocabulary
  • Tell
  • Describe
  • Restate
  • Compare
  • Question
  • Map
  • Dramatize
Stage IV High Intermediate Fluency
  • Bridging
  • Academic Language Stage
  • Depends on context
  • Engage in and produce connected narrative
  • Shows good comprehension
  • Uses expanded vocabulary
  • Makes complex grammatical errors
  • Functions somewhat on an academic level
  • Imagine
  • Create
  • Appraise
  • Contrast
  • Predict
  • Express
  • Report
  • Estimate
  • Evaluate
  • Explain
Stage V Advanced Fluency
  • Exitable
  • Fluency
  • Academic Language Stage
  • Functions on an academic level with age/grade peers
  • Maintains two-way conversations
  • Uses more complex grammatical structures
  • Demonstrates comprehension in decontextualized situations
  • Uses enriched vocabulary
  • Relate
  • Infer
  • Hypothesize
  • Outline
  • Revise
  • Suppose
  • Verify
  • Rewrite
  • Assess
  • Justify
  • Critique
  • Summarize
  • Illustrate
  • Judge
  • Demonstrate